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February 25, 1858. H. R. 313,
. . . To authorize the President to call into the service of the
United States four additional regiments of volunteers. [Quitman Army Bill]
Sec. 4. That, for the purpose of quelling disturbances in the Territory of Utah, for the protection of supply and emigrant trains, and . . . the President of the United States be, and he is hereby, authorized to call for and accept the services of any number of volunteers, not to exceed in all four regiments, of seven hundred and forty privates each; the same, or any portion thereof, to be organized in to mounted regiments or infantry, as the President may deem proper, to serve for the term of eighteen months from the time of their being received into service, unless sooner discharged by the President.
His [Marshall’s] address brought about the fact that some of the friends of the administration insisted that Regulars should be added to the extent of five regiments, complaining that the Army’s strength had been neglected. . . “What,” he asked, “has it come to this, that Regulars, mere machines, moved by superior intelligence, must be employed to carry out the purposes of the administration? Men who cannot travel without incumbrances [sic], and who do not get beyond the smell of their pork and beans.” Colonel Marshall then showed that volunteers could be procured at once, to march upon being mustered in. He added that if the public exigencies required prompt action, it certainly was not the part of wisdom to await the slow process of recruiting Regulars. He stressed that volunteers, selected “in the west,” were equal for any emergency. Marshall’s speech resulted in a discontinuation of the attempt to add regiments to the Regular Army.
Louisville Daily Courier
30 March 1858, p. 1.
Letter from Washington, 26 March.
The Army bill having passed the House, will, pass the Senate. Then the question will arise, which, out of the many regiments raised in different parts of the country, will be the lucky ones and be accepted by the President. I think Col. Hawkins must have read the “Courier,” for in three days after I wrote to you the bill would pass, I saw him here on the look-out to get his regiment accepted. Col. Tom is a gallant fellow, and I think that through his promptness his regiment is first on the list for Utah. Hurrah for the Kentucky boys!
03 April 1858, p. 2.
The Army Bill.—The telegraph has informed us that the Army Bill has passed the Senate, with an amendment providing, however, for the employment of only two volunteer regiments, at the option of the President. If any regiment is accepted, it is highly probable the one now organized in Kentucky will not be slighted. In time of peace prepare for war,—so Utah boys, be ready.
We beg leave to suggest as a reason why the administration should accept the Utah volunteers from Kentucky that they are universally admitted to be among the most virtuous young men in the United States. If young fellows are a great deal readier to volunteer to go and fight men who have fifty wives apiece than those who have only one apiece, what are we to infer that they are after the men or the women.
The editor of the Journal is so much of a Mormon himself that he images the Utah volunteers are after Brigham’s wives, instead of the honor and dignity of their country.
It is announced that the two new “regiments for Utah” won’t be called out, so our Kentucky braves may as well subside into civil life.—The “pomp and circumstance of war,” it seems, is not for them. Such is life.